Innate Function of Vitamin E Discovered

Severe vitamin E deficiency results in lethal myopathy in animal models. Membrane repair is an important myocyte (muscle cell) response to plasma membrane disruption injury.  When repair fails, myocytes die and muscular dystrophy ensues.

Vitamin E For Everything

Supplementation of cultured cells with α-tocopherol, the most common form of vitamin E, promotes plasma membrane repair. Conversely, in the absence of α-tocopherol supplementation, exposure of cultured cells to an oxidant challenge strikingly inhibits repair.

Comparative measurements reveal that, to promote repair, an anti-oxidant must associate with membranes, as α-tocopherol does, or be capable of α-tocopherol regeneration. Myocytes in intact muscle cannot repair membranes when exposed to an oxidant challenge, but show enhanced repair when supplemented with vitamin E.

Our work suggests a novel biological function for vitamin E in promoting myocyte plasma membrane repair. We propose that this function is essential for maintenance of skeletal muscle homeostasis.

 This study goes deep into the mechanisms involved in membrane repair and the impacts to health.

 

 

Howard, A.C. et al. Promotion of plasma membrane repair by vitamin E. Nat. Commun. 2:597 doi: 10.1038/ncomms1594 (2011).

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